Brain fog is when you begin to lose your ability to remember things or concentrate on even basic tasks. Unfortunately, this type of cognitive dysfunction is common now a days and can be a warning sign that something else is going on with your physical or mental health.
Dr Joseph Shehadi, MD, and our expert medical team treats many of the conditions that can contribute to brain fog. We can provide insight into how existing health issues can affect your memory and concentration, so you can get the treatment you need to make brain fog go away.

Understanding brain fog
Brain fog can be described as mental fatigue, and its symptoms can range from mild to severe. When someone says they have brain fog, it means they are experiencing:
-Memory issues
-Poor concentration
-Difficulties focusing on tasks
-Decreased mental clarity
Even though brain fog isn’t a diagnosable medical condition, it can be a symptom of acute or chronic health conditions or circumstances in your environment that often can be altered.

What may be causing your brain fog
The good news about brain fog is that typically once you identify the cause of your symptoms, you can usually relieve them by addressing the underlying problem.
Here are four common issues that may increase your risk for developing brain fog:

  1. Sleep deprivation
    If you aren’t sleeping long enough or aren’t getting high-quality sleep every night, the sleep deprivation can affect your brain function. Poor concentration and unclear thinking are common side effects of sleep-related issues like sleep apnea and insomnia.
    Try to get at least eight hours of sleep every night, and follow a regular sleep schedule to wake up at the same time every day. Also, be mindful of what you do before you go to bed, don’t use caffeine in the evenings, and avoid electronics for at least an hour before bedtime.
  2. Chronic stress
    Chronic stress causes both physical and mental side effects that impact your health and quality of life. Too much stress can increase your risk for high blood pressure, poor immunity, and brain exhaustion.
    Untreated stress can also increase your risk for depression, another common cause of brain fog.
  3. Dietary deficiencies
    Lacking certain vitamins in your daily diet can play a role in fuzzy thinking and other symptoms of brain fog. Make sure to eat plenty of leafy greens and other vitamin-packed foods to ensure you’re getting enough B12 and other essential vitamins and minerals.
    Your diet can also cause brain fog in other ways. For instance, if you have food sensitivities or allergies, you may develop brain fog after eating peanuts, dairy, additives, or other ingredients that trigger an immune system response.
  4. Medical conditions
    Brain fog can be a symptom of several medical conditions, including fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, diabetes, thyroid disorders, and depression. There is also a link between the medications you take for some of these conditions and your risk for brain fog.
    In women, hormone changes during menopause can trigger persistent brain fog that’s severe enough to negatively impact quality of life.
    Some clinical research shows that the COVID-19 virus can cause persistent brain fog in certain people.

When to consider medical help for brain fog
In some cases, brain fog clears on its own without specific medical treatment by making lifestyle changes and dietary improvements. However, if you have a chronic health condition, brain fog may become a long-term problem.

Though we don’t treat every condition that causes brain fog, we do provide NAD+ infusions and Myer’s Cocktail infusion. We offer NAD+ infusion therapy, an intravenous (IV) treatment that delivers essential multivitamins, antioxidants, and hydration directly into your bloodstream. NAD+ infusions contain nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), a coenzyme that contributes to chemical reactions in your body. Treatment boosts your overall brain function and immunity. Infusions can also help regulate your body’s stress response and enhance your sleep quality by regulating your natural circadian rhythms.
To learn more about the available options for brain fog relief, call our office today, or email us at or book an appointment online.

Brain Grain Diet, by Dr. David Perlmutter, MD (2018)

Theoharides TC, Cholevas C, Polyzoidis K, Politis A. Long-COVID syndrome-associated brain fog and chemofog: Luteolin to the rescue. Biofactors. 2021 Mar;47(2):232-241.

Dehhaghi M, Panahi HKS, Kavyani B, Heng B, Tan V, Braidy N, Guillemin GJ. The Role of Kynurenine Pathway and NAD+ Metabolism in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Aging Dis. 2022 Jun 1;13(3):698-711.

Dr. Shehadi Featured in Memorial Health Hospital’s WellAware Magazine

Memorial Health Hospital’s WellAware Winter Newsletter featured Dr. Shehadi.

“Board-Certified Neurosurgeon Joseph A. Shehadi, MD, FRCSC, FACS has joined the medical staff at Memorial Hospital and is now seeing patients in the Specialty Care Center, along with Physician Assistant Meghan Rauchenstein, MPH, MSPAS, PA-C. Read more

Brain Injury Awareness Month

Brian Awareness

While many people think of March as the bridge between winter and spring, few know that it is also brain injury awareness month. It is imperative that we take precautions to prevent traumatic brain injuries, commonly called TBIs. Let’s take a look at some TBI statistics and examine how we can protect ourselves from these injuries. Read more

How To Pick The Right Spine Surgeon


Usually, people who decide to undergo back surgery have been in pain for a long time. Maybe they have tried pain management, physical therapy, and gritting their teeth and living with the pain. Maybe the back pain originated from a work or other lifestyle injury. In any case, the goal of the surgery is to be without pain on a daily basis. Read more

What Is a Neurosurgeon?


A neurosurgeon is a doctor who performs the diagnosis and surgical treatment of nervous system disorders. Neurosurgeons require extensive education and training. As described below, a neurosurgeon’s role is distinct from that of a neurologist. Some common complications of the central and nervous systems that a neurosurgeon treats include tumors, trauma, vascular disorders, infections and degenerative diseases. Read more

NEW Headache Clinic in Columbus, Ohio!

Anna Stroud

Anna Stroud, Nurse Practitioner

Neurosurgery Associates has now opened a Headache Clinic in Columbus, Ohio! The Headache Clinic will be led by our Nurse Practitioner, Anna Stroud

It’s very difficult to know the source and solution to consistent headaches. There are various types of headaches including tension, migraine, and even sinus headaches. Some headaches have a simple solution, others could be a sign of something much more serious. That’s where we come in.

If you are experiencing headaches that are getting in the way of your daily comfort, our Headache Clinic can help you find the relief you deserve.

If you are in the Columbus, Ohio area, please contact us to schedule your consultation and see how we can alleviate your headaches. Click here to download the headache questionnaire.

Dr. Shehadi’s Demineralized Bone Matrix (DBM) Publication

Dr. Shehadi and his team continue to push forward the frontier of neurosurgery. Recently, Dr. Shehadi’s paper on demineralized bone matrix (DBM) products for spinal fusions has been accepted for publication. Below is the abstract; stay tuned to read the full paper! Read more

4 Common Types of Headaches – Symptoms & Duration

There are several hundred types of headaches, but there are four very common types: sinus, tension, migraine, and cluster. Headaches are always classified as either primary or secondary. A primary headache is a headache that is not caused by another condition or sickness. Causes of primary headaches include stress, sleep deprivation, alcohol, skipped meals, fatigue, and certain processed foods. Secondary headaches are due to another condition, such as an injury, infection, or sickness, and can range from harmless to very dangerous. Read more

Instrumented Spinal Fusion

What is a spinal fusion?

Spinal fusion is a surgery performed to fuse two or more vertebrae together. This procedure is also known as arthrodesis. The procedure involves a bone graft so the bones can fuse, or grow together. There are several types of bone grafts, but most commonly an autograft (patient bone) or allograft (donor bone) are used. In an instrumented spinal fusion, instruments are used to stabilize the spine while the bones fuse. Read more

Dr. Shehadi’s Metastatic Breast Cancer Publication

Dr. Shehadi and nine fellow doctors published a paper in 2007 that discussed spinal surgery for patients with metastatic breast cancer to the spine. Below is the abstract for the paper. To read the full paper, click here. Read more